A New York federal judge on Tuesday granted conditional certification to a 42,000-worker nationwide class of tipped TGI Friday's employees in a collective action alleging they had to perform underpaid side work in violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act.
In granting conditional certification, U.S. District Judge Analisa Torres ruled the plaintiffs had shown common allegations of FLSA violations, including denial of minimum wage and overtime compensation.
“This evidence, coupled with the evidence of defendant’s centralized control over TGI Friday’s restaurants nationwide, suffices to meet the minimal burden for conditional certification,” the judge wrote.
The suit, filed against Friday's and its parent company, Carlson Restaurants Inc., claims that tipped workers have to do non-tip-producing work like cleaning, food preparation and stocking and therefore are owed minimum wage and overtime.
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The dispute began in April when Friday's employee Jamel Flood and three other named plaintiffs sued to challenge the tipping policy. They sought to represent a class that includes servers, bartenders and hosts who have worked at Friday's since April 17, 2011.
They contend they are entitled to the full minimum wage — as opposed to the lesser minimum wage for tipped workers — when doing side work.
The plaintiffs filed for preliminary class certification in September, saying that granting the motion will allow potential opt-in plaintiffs to be notified and join the action.
In their argument opposing conditional certification, Friday's claimed the named plaintiffs had not even shown they were similar to one another, let alone the thousands of other tipped workers in TGI Friday’s restaurants around the country.
But Judge Torres disagreed and said courts have authorized nationwide certification on “comparable or thinner records.”
Judge Torres also rejected the company’s argument that it has policies that prohibit FLSA violations, saying that was not grounds to deny certification.
“At this stage, plaintiffs ‘need only to show evidence of a de facto policy which, in practice, resulted in a pattern of FLSA violations,’” she said.
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The case is Jamel Flood et al. v. Carlson Restaurants Inc. et al., case number 1:14-cv-02740, in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.