U.S. Supreme Court May Ultimately Have The Final Word On The Future Of Unpaid Internships In The Private Sector
By William D. Welkowitz, Outten & Golden LLP partner Rachel M. Bien was interviewed for this article. (Reproduced with permission from FLSA Litigation Tracker, FLLTSR 2015:004 (Oct. 26, 2015). Copyright 2015 by The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc. (800-372-1033))
The Dodd-Frank Act's Whistleblower Provisions: The Act's Best Hope For Exposing Financial Wrongdoing
In this BNA Insights article, Outten & Golden attorneys Tammy Marzigliano and Cara E. Greene take a close look at these provisions and the effects of preceding laws, such as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, to examine what their future impact might be. Bloomberg BNA, Workplace Law Report, 10/22/2010.
On Sept. 15, 2008, Lehman Brothers collapsed, sending shock waves through the financial services industry and portending the industry's broader meltdown. Less than two weeks later, Washington Mutual was seized by the federal government and placed into receivership. Over the next year, more than 100 banks folded, Americans saw $13 trillion in wealth evaporate, and massive securities fraud, like that committed by Bernie Madoff, shook investor confidence to the core. The housing market collapsed, the number of people out of work hit 15.6 million, and the federal deficit ballooned. America was in the midst of the Great Recession.
In response, on July 21, 2010, the federal government enacted the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “act” or “Dodd-Frank Act”), which overhauls and strengthens federal oversight of the financial system. While it is impossible to know whether the financial meltdown could have been avoided had the act's provisions been adopted in 2007 instead of 2010, the question on everyone's mind is whether the Dodd-Frank Act will keep it from happening again. Only time will tell if it will have the desired and intended impact, but the act's whistleblower provisions attempt to ensure that in the future financial fraud and irregularities are exposed long before they corrupt the entire system.
Justin Swartz and Rachel Bien, Section of Labor & Employment Law, American Bar Association, Vol. 35, Number 4, Summer 2007
Few doubt the merits of diversity in the workplace. Indeed, a host of organizational leaders from chief executive officers to top military brass have recently touted the importance of a diverse labor force. As a result, an entire industry has emerged, geared toward eradicating workplace inequality.
Many thoughtful ideas have made their way onto "best practices" lists that identify methods to increase the representation of historically underrepresented groups in corporations and firms. (See, e.g., Equal Employment Opportunity Committee Diversity Task Force web page, which links to several lists of "best practices," http://apps.americanbar.org/dch/comadd.cfm?com=LL104000&pg=2
Despite all of this attention, however, the challenge of actually achieving diversity remains. As Alexandra Kalev, Frank Dobbin, and Erin Kelly wrote in a recent article examining the effectiveness of employers' efforts to promote diversity, "We know a lot about the disease of workplace inequality, but not much about the cure." "Best Practices or Best Guesses? Assessing the Efficacy of Corporate Affirmative Action and Diversity Policies," 71 Am. Soc. Rev. 589, 590 (August 2006).
At the 2007 National Conference on Equal Employment Opportunity Law in Charleston, South Carolina, the Section's Equal Employment Opportunity Committee (EEOC) presented two panels that focused on efforts to increase diversity in private sector workplaces, including law firms. The consensus that emerged from both panels was clear: truly overcoming inequality in the workplace requires more than changing hearts and minds. It demands a structural, top-down approach with incentives for meeting concrete diversity goals.
Ethics Corner: Third Circuit Vindicates Plaintiff's Attorney
Justin M. Swartz and Cara E. Greene. July, 2007. Ethics Corner is a regular contribution by the ABA, Labor & Employment Law Section’s Ethics and Professional Responsibility Committee.
The Third Circuit recently overturned a district court order disqualifying a plaintiff’s attorney who had conducted an ex parte interview of the defendant’s administrative assistant. EEOC v. HORA, Inc., No. 05-5393, 2007 U.S. App. LEXIS 15705 (3d Cir. June 29, 2007) (unpublished decision). Characterizing the disqualification as “draconian,” the Circuit held that the district court abused its discretion because the lawyer did not violate any ethics rules, and, even if she had, there was no prejudice to the defendant.
The plaintiff’s lawyer, Jana Barnett, represented Manessta Beverly in a sex harassment and retaliation case against a Days Inn franchise and its management company. During discovery, Barnett conducted an ex parte interview of Debbie Richardson, an administrative assistant at the Days Inn. The district court disqualified Barnett for conducting the interview, finding that she violated Pennsylvania Rules of Professional Conduct (“PRPC”) Rules 4.2, 4.4, and 5.7.
The Third Circuit reversed, holding that Barnett did not violate Rule 4.2 because the administrative assistant was not a member of the organization with whom ex parte contact was forbidden. The Third Circuit recently overturned a district court order disqualifying a plaintiff’s attorney who had conducted an ex parte interview of the defendant’s administrative assistant.
Whose Clients Are They? Contacting Putative Class Members
Cara E. Greene and Jill Maxwell, Labor and Employment Law, Vol. 35, No. 3, Spring 2007 www.abanet.org/labor
The prosecution and defense of class actions involve an abundance of ethical considerations. Attorneys must balance zealous advocacy with the governing rules of professional responsibility. For instance, ex parte communications are often an effective and cost-conscious way to glean information, but attorneys on both sides must consider whether contact with putative class members is permissible and, if so, what form that contact may take. With a little forethought, however, lawyers can ensure that they do not overstep ethics rules when contacting putative class members.
Challenges To Law Firm Mandatory-Retirement Policies
Employment law attorney Cara E. Greene writes about Challenges to Law Firm Mandatory-Retirement Policies. This article originally appeared in Law Journal Newsletters' Accounting and Financial Planning for Law Firms, February 2007. For more information, visit www.ljnonline.com. Authored with Gary Phelan.
A 2006 survey report indicated that 57% of law firms with 100 or more attorneys have mandatory retirement age policies. See, L. Jones “Pitfalls of Mandatory Law Firm Retirement,” National Law Journal, May 24, 2006. But legal challenges to mandatory retirement policies at law firms are likely to become more common as baby boomers reach retirement age.
The debate over whether a law firm can have a mandatory retirement age has focused on the threshold question of whether the “partner” is deemed an “employer” or an “employee.” For each class of lawyer, this article explores possible legal remedies.
Non-Compete Agreements: Emerging Issues From The Perspective Of Employee's Counsel
Co-authored by Wayne N. Outten, Anne Golden, and Nantiya Ruan, 2001.
Today more than ever, trained employees are valued by employers who want to do everything in their power to keep them from leaving and taking their skills and knowledge with them. Undoubtedly, this is due in part to our nation's unemployment rate reaching a thirty-year low. Add the current business environment of increased mobility, decreased loyalty, and the tremendous amount of capital resources spent in creating intellectual property, and companies are increasingly requiring key employees to sign harsh non-compete agreements to discourage employee defection or "corporate raiding."
The law still favors free mobility of employees. But along with an increased number of employers requiring employees to sign non-competition agreements comes an increased number of suits to enforce these restrictive covenants. Consequently, the body of law governing this area has been changing. This outline will give practical advice to employee advocates on ways to best protect their clients' interests when confronted with non-competition agreements and will examine the emerging trends in this narrow, but increasingly pertinent, area of employment law.