Kathleen Peratis, The Forward, July 24, 2008. A brief discussion of who transgender people are, and the differences between transgender and gay people.
You have to hand it to Rep. Barney Frank, the man knows how to empathize. In the first-ever congressional hearing on workplace discrimination against transgender people, held by the House in late June in an Education and Labor subcommittee, Frank said he understands what it means to be trapped in the wrong body — because that is what happens when his legislation gets bogged down over in the Senate.
The lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender — or LGBT, for short — press called the congressional hearing on gender identity discrimination “historic” and “groundbreaking.” The mainstream media pretty much ignored it, but the issue is worth keeping an eye on.
Arbitrability Of Sarbanes-Oxley Whistleblower Claims
This article explores the arguments presented by member firms and registered employees, and outlines what arbitration panels have decided. Laurence S. Moy. Pearl Zachlewski, Linda Neilan, and Katherine Blostein. The Neutral Corner, Newsletter of FINRA Neutrals, Volume 1, 2008.
Since the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX), arbitrators handling employment claims may be faced with a throny question concerning SOX whistleblower claims: Should a SOX claim be litigated in court or arbitrated? Ultimately, the question comes to whether SOX whistleblower claims constitute "employment discrimination" claims, and are thus exempt from arbitration under Rule 13201 of the Code of Arbitration Procedure for Industry Disputes (Code). This article explores the arguments presented by member firms and registered employees and outlines what arbitration panels have decided.
When Good Deeds Are Punished: The Legal Landscape of Retaliation and Whistleblowing
Co-authored by Laurence S. Moy and Nantiya Ruan, 745 PLI/Lit. 581 (2006)
Our Kids And The Workplace
A brief discussion of teens and sexual harassment in the workplace, by employment lawyer Kathleen Peratis, The Forward, December 31, 2004.
Thousands of children will go to work with their mothers or fathers on Ms. Magazine’s “Take Our Daughters and Sons to Work Day” in April. Most of the kids will spend the day in a white-collar enclave, the sort of place they may hope or expect to inhabit in four or eight or 10 years. But much sooner, many of them will be going to work in places that are considerably less well-mannered — fast-food restaurants and large chain retail stores — and they will be ill prepared for what lies ahead.
The daughter of a friend of mine works in one such place, a fast-food restaurant. A few weeks ago, my friend asked me if the laws against sexual harassment apply to 16 year olds. She came to learn that the 19-year-old assistant manager (and scheduler) was hitting on her daughter. Her daughter was holding him off, but she knew her time was running out.
This girl’s experience is not uncommon. In early December, the Washington Post reported that the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission had filed a lawsuit on behalf of a 17-year-old high school student and part-time waitress against a St. Louis fast-food restaurant, Steak ’n Shake Operations. A cook had grabbed, threatened and exposed himself to her, she alleged, and when she complained, the manager suggested it would be better if she quit. This was the commission’s 25th sexual harassment lawsuit on behalf of teens in 2004, up from eight in 2002.
Whistleblower Claims Under The Sarbanes-Oxley Act Of 2002
Laurence S. Moy, Linda A. Neilan, and Hollis Pfitsch (Summer Associate), Practising Law Institute, October 7-8, 2004, and December 9-10, 2004.
In the wake of recent accounting and corporate scandals, Congress passed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (hereinafter, “Sarbanes-Oxley,” “SOX,” or the “Act”), Public L. No. 107-204, Sec. 806, codified at 18 U.S.C. § 1514A.1 In addition to providing greater oversight of the accounting industry and protecting investors, the Act prohibits employers from retaliating against whistleblowers. (“Whistleblower” might be considered a misnomer since the Act’s scope is not limited to employees who “blow the whistle” by refusing to engage in illegal or wrongful acts or by reporting such activities to the employer or the appropriate authorities.) The Act provides extensive coverage to employees who report improper conduct as well as employees who participate in proceedings relating to same. Companies that fall under the purview of Sarbanes-Oxley are prohibited from discharging, demoting, suspending, threatening, harassing, or discriminating against any employee who engages in protected activity. 18 U.S.C. § 1514A(a).
Prior to Sarbanes-Oxley’s enactment, federal and state whistleblower statutes provided limited protection for a narrow class of employees. The False Claims Act covers employees only if they report fraud on the federal government. 31 U.S.C. § 3730(h).2 In New York, a state statute had provided pre-Sarbanes-Oxley whistleblowers with extremely limited coverage. That statute, New York Labor Law § 740, only protects an employee who “discloses, or threatens to disclose to a supervisor or to a public body an activity, policy or practice of the employer that is in violation of law, rule or regulation which violation creates and presents a substantial and specific danger to the public health or safety.” N. Y. Lab. Law § 740(2). Thus, Sarbanes-Oxley has vastly changed the horizon of protection for whistleblowers in the private sector.
This paper addresses the whistleblowing provisions of the Act and its accompanying regulations, provides guidance to lawyers advising companies responding to potential whistleblower complaints of improper conduct, and reviews the duties of lawyers to report wrongful conduct as per the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC” or “Commission”) new regulations.